How to Apply



How to use
Types of Application
MANUAL

Spray and
Mix Method

STEPS
1.Spread out seed
2.Spray BSN + Water on seed
3.Mix seed to cover seed thoroughly
4.Store seed 24-78 hours
5.Ready to Sow

Container or
Bucket

STEPS
1.Add Seed to container or bucket
2.Mix BSN + Water
3.Cover seed thoroughly and evenly
4.Store seed 24-78 hours
5.Ready to Sow

Watch Video

Bag or
Packet

STEPS
1.Add Seed to bag or packet
2.Pour BSN + Water
3.Shake to cover seed thoroughly
4.Store seed 24-78 hours
5.Ready to Sow

Watch Video

RICE SEED APPLICATION METHODS

Soak
Method

STEPS
1.Soak Rice Seed
2.Drain
3.Mix BSN + Water
4.Pour BSN on Rice Seeds
5.Wait 24 Hours +
6.Ready to Sow

Watch Video

Mix + Cover
Method

STEPS
1.Mix BSN + Water
2.Add Rice Seed
3.Add water to cover seed
4.Wait 24 Hours +
5.Drain
6.Wait 24 Hours
7.Ready to Sow

Watch Video

Spray + Mix
Method

STEPS
1.Spread out Rice Seed
2.Mix BSN + Water
3.Spray BSN + Water on Seed
4.Mix Thoroughly
5.Wait 24 hours to 78 hours
6.Ready to Sow

Watch Video

MACHINE APPLICATION


Auger Spray Application

STEPS
1.Decant BSN + Mix Water into the pump
2.Activate pump spray system
3.Activate seed transfer

Watch Video


Other Inline Application


Drum Priming Application

Spray and Mix Method
| Local farmer practice determines the best method of application to be used.

Spray and
Mix

The Spray and Mix method uses 5 steps to apply BSN Seed Priming Fertiliser thoroughly and evenly to the seed to ensure the nutrients are imbibed.
Download PDF | How to Apply BSN to the Seed – Spray and Mix Method

STEPS
1.Spread out seed
2.Spray BSN + Water on seed
3.Spray BSN + Water on seed
4.Mix seed to cover seed thoroughly
5.Store seed 24-78 hoursy
6.Ready to Sow


Spread seed
on sheet


Separate seed
best possible

SPREAD

Spread out the seed as evenly as possible onto a clean plastic sheet so that the grains separate from each other.


Mix BSN
+ Water


Use
Spray Bottle

OR

Back Pack
Sprayer


Spray
Seed Uniformly

SPRAY
Mix BSN Seed Priming Fertiliser with water as per the seed type requirements. Put into a spray bottle or back pack sprayer and shake vigorously until thoroughly combined.

Spray mixture uniformly onto the seeds – making sure all seeds are sprayed.


Roll seed to
make sure covered

MIX

If possible, with two people holding the opposite sides of the plastic sheet, roll it, so that the tipping action mixes the applied BSN uniformly. Repeat this for a few minutes until such time as the whole seed surface receives the BSN solution.
This process can be stopped when the seed surface is nearly dry when touched.


Incubate +24 Hours
to 78 Hours

+24 Hours to 78 Hours

Keep the seed wrapped in a clean breather bag or bucket/container for 24-hours (at a minimum) or a few days if time


Ready to Sow

Sow the seeds as per normal farmer practice.

Container or Bucket Method
| Local farmer practice determines the best method of application to be used.

Container or
Bucket

The Container or Bucket method uses 5 steps to apply BSN Seed Priming Fertiliser thoroughly and evenly to the seed to ensure the nutrients are imbibed.
Download PDF | How to Apply BSN to the Seed – Container or Bucket Method

STEPS
1.Add seed to container or bucket
2.Mix BSN + Water
3.Cover seed thoroughly and evenly
4.Store seed 24-78 hours
5.Ready to Sow


Add Seed
to Container

OR

Add Seed
to Bucket

ADD SEED

Add seed into the container or bucket


Mix BSN
+ Water


Mix Thoroughly


Pour on BSN + Water
Mix evenly on Seed

APPLY

Mix BSN Seed Priming Fertiliser with water as per the seed type requirements. Put into a beaker and mix until thoroughly combined.

Pour on the BSN + water mix so all seeds are evenly covered.


Shake or Mix
to Cover


Make sure
seed evenly covered

MIX

Mix or shake to cover seed thoroughly and evenly.


Incubate +24 Hours
to 78 Hours


Incubate +24 Hours
to 78 Hours

+24 Hours to 78 Hours

Keep the seed in container or bucket (or wrapped in a clean breather bag) for 24-hours (at a minimum) or a few days if time permits.


Ready to Sow

Sow the seeds as per normal farmer practice.

Bag Method
| Local farmer practice determines the best method of application to be used.

Bag or
Packet

The Bag method uses 5 steps to apply BSN Seed Priming Fertiliser thoroughly and evenly to the seed to ensure the nutrients are imbibed.
Download PDF | How to Apply BSN to the Seed – Bag Method

STEPS
1.Add seed to bag or packet
2.Pour in BSN + Water
3.Shake to cover seed thoroughly
4.Store seed 24-78 hours
5.Ready to Sow


Bag or
Packet

ADD

Add seed into the bag or packet


Mix BSN
+ Water


Mix Thoroughly


Uniformly
Apply BSN

APPLY
Slowly pour the mixture of BSN and water from the top of the bag or packet. Pour the mixture uniformly so that the whole body of seed gets its share and coverage by the mixture.


Shake Thoroughly

MIX

Shake the bag or packet thoroughly so that the BSN mixture is covering all the seeds evenly.

Be certain that the mixture is not applied to one location only since it will not treat the whole seed lot uniformly.


Incubate +24 Hours
to 78 Hours

+24 Hours to 78 Hours

Incubate seed for +24 hours (at a minimum) in the bag or in a clean container or if time permits for longer +78 hours.


Ready to Sow

Sow the seeds as per normal
farmer practice.

RICE SEED Soak Method
| Local farmer practice determines the best method of application to be used.

Soak

The Soak method uses 6 steps to apply BSN Seed Priming Fertiliser to the rice seed. This method is closest to common or typical farmer practice.
Download PDF | How to Apply BSN to the Seed – Soak Method

STEPS
1.Soak Rice Seed
2.Drain
3.Mix BSN + Water
4.Pour BSN on Rice Seeds
5.Wait 24 hours+
6.Ready to Sow


Soak

SOAK

Soak 20kg of rice seed for 24-hours (usually rice is in a permeable bag)


Drain

DRAIN

Drain the extra water


Mix BSN
+ Water

SOAK

Soak 20kg of rice seed for 24-hours (usually rice is in a permeable bag)


Uniformly
Apply BSN

Slowly pour the mixture of water and BSN from the top of the bag. Pour the mixture uniformly and slowly, so that the whole body of rice seed gets its share of the mixture. Be certain that the mixture is not applied to one location only since it will not treat the whole seed lot uniformly


Incubate +24 Hours
to 78 Hours

+24 Hours to 78 Hours

Incubate seed for a further 24-hours.


Ready to Sow

READY TO SOW

Sow the rice seed as per normal practice.

RICE SEED Mix + Cover Method
| Local farmer practice determines the best method of application
to be used.

Mix + Cover

The Mix + Cover method uses 7 steps to apply BSN Seed Priming Fertiliser to the rice seed.This method is more effective than method 1.
Download PDF | How to Apply BSN to the Seed – Mix + Cover Method

STEPS
1.Mix BSN + Water
2.Add Rice Seed
3.Add water to cover seed
4.Wait 24 hours+
5.Drain
6.Wait 24 hours+
7.Ready so Sow


Mix BSN
+ Water


Mix Thoroughly

MIX

Mix 10-litres of water with 125ml of BSN Seed Priming Fertiliser in a container with a total volume of 30-litres and agitate thoroughly.


Add Rice Seed


Add more water(if needed)
to achieve coverage

ADD RICE SEED

Add 20kg of rice seed into the container and leave stand for 24-hours (for 20kg of
rice seed)


Drain


Incubate
+24 Hours

DRAIN

Drain and incubate the rice seed for a further 24-hours in the same container


Ready to Sow

READY TO SOW

Sow the rice seed as per normal farmer practice

RICE SEED Spray + Mix Method
| Local farmer practice determines the best method of application
to be used.

Spray and
Mix

The Spray and Mix method uses 6 steps to apply BSN Seed Priming Fertiliser to the Rice Seed. This method is more effective than method 1.
Download PDF | How to Apply BSN to the Seed – Spray + Mix Method

STEPS
1.Spread out Rice Seed
2.Mix BSN + Water
3.Spray BSN + Water on Seed
4.Mix Thoroughly
5.Wait 24 hours to 78 hours
6.Ready to Sow



Spread seed
on sheet


Separate seed
best possible
SPREAD

Spread 20kg of rice seed onto a plastic sheet so that the seed separate from each other as best as possible.



Mix BSN
+ Water


Use
Spray Bottle


Spray
Seed Uniformly
SPRAY
Mix 125ml of BSN Seed Priming Fertiliser with 125ml of water in a spray bottle and shake vigorously until thoroughly combined. Spray the mixture uniformly onto the grain lot.



Roll seed to
make sure covered
MIX

With two people holding the opposite sides of the plastic sheet, roll it, so that the tipping action mixes the applied BSN uniformly with the seed lot. Repeat this for a few minutes until such time as the whole rice seed surface receives the BSN solution. This process can be stopped when the seed surface is nearly dry when touched.



Incubate +24 Hours
to 78 Hours
+24 Hours to 78 Hours

Keep the rice seed wrapped in a breather bag for 24-hours (at a minimum) or a few days if time permits.



Ready to Sow
Sow the seeds as per normal farmer practice.

Auger Spray Application Method

Auger Srpay
Application

Larger farming operation will use the application spray systems in seed loading equipment to apply BSN Seed Priming Fertiliser to the seed during transfer from storage.
Download PDF | How to Apply BSN to the Seed – Machine Application

STEPS
1.Decant BSN + Mix Water into the pump
2.Activate pump spray system
3.Activate seed tranfer


Decant BSN
into Applicator


Pump during
seed transfer


Use spray applicator
in Auger

Decant BSN + mix with water in the spray pump applicator. Activate spray application system built into the seed transfer auger.


Incubate +24 Hours
to 78 Hours

+24 Hours to 78 Hours

Keep the rice seed wrapped in a breather bag for 24-hours (at a minimum) or a few days if time permits.


Ready to Sow

Sow the seeds as per normal
farmer practice.

Drum Priming Application Method


Drum Priming
Application

The use of Drum Priming is typical to large scale or commercial seed operations.

BSN can be applied using this method. Things to note are :

1. Water rates may change
2. Fluency powder may be used(if needed)

Please refer to RLF Technical Services for further details
as required.

Inline Engineered Application Solution


Other Inline
Application

BSN can be applied as an engineered solution to an inline coating or treatment process as part of a commercial coating operation.

This is normally a specialty system or practice and the incorporation of the BSN Seed Priming Fertiliser application into each system is establish for each purpose.

Application Rates

Seed Type BSN SS,BSN-10,
Interceptor XS
ml/kg
ml Water +
Chemicals
ml/kg
Total
Application
ml/kg
Corn, cotton, sunflower, pumpkin 4 + 2 6
Zucchini, squash, melon, watermelon 4 + 5 9
Wheat, barley, triticale, oat 5-6 + 3-5 8-11
Rice (dry grain), safflower 5-6 + 3-5 8-11
Beet, cucumber, okra, coriander 6-7 + 8-9 14-16
Radish, turnip, Kohlrabi, parsnip, pepper 7-8 + 8-9 15-17
Onion, leek, chive, garlic, tomato, eggplant 8-9 + 9-10 17-19
Canola, carrot, lettuce, dill, chicory 10-12 + 14 24-26
Celery, non-fluffy grass pasture seeds 15-18 + 18-20 33-38
Fluffy grass pasture seeds 30 + 33 63
Seed Type BSN Ultra
+ BSN Hybrid
ml/kg
Water and
Pesticide
ml/kg
Total
Application
ml/kg
Corn 4 + 2 6
Rice (Dry grain) 5-6 + 5-6 10-12
Lucerne(Alfalfa) 10 + 2 12

Do not sow seeds on day of application.

BSN can be applied to seeds anytime between harvest and seeding. For best result, prime seeds well before sowing time preferably during dry season after harvest.

Always use clean seed as dusty seed causes stickiness and can tie-up BSN nutrient reducing uptake.

Priming at Seeding Time

Primed seeds should be sown at least one day after treatment. If you prime seeds at seeding time, you may notice that primed seed lot volume increase by 10%, this is reversed quickly when seeds lose their extra moisture. When you drill treated seeds soon after treatment, you may need to allow for increased volume if volume increase is not fully reversed.

How to Mix BSN


Share
Vigously


Mix with
Water


Mix with other
Chemicals

BSN Mixing

BSN “imbibed” nutrient inside the seed – caution must be taken when using chemicals. ALWAYS apply BSN first or mix water and BSN before adding chemical.

Product Compatibility + Jar Testing

Do not mix with Alkaline Copper fungicides or innoculants
If you are unsure, we recommend a simple jar test of products. Mix together and check if reaction occurs.

Check www.rlfchemtest.com

How to Mix BSN

1. First Mix with Water

BSN Seed Primer must first be mixed with water. Taking care with the water rates greatly
assists the absorption process and provides for optimum delivery of nutrient to the seed.
The water rates required for each seed type is given in the next section of this document.


BSN


Water


Ready to Apply

2. Mixing with Other Chemicals

Shake
Vigorously


Mix with
Water


Mix with other
Chemicals

BSN Seed Primer can be mixed with a wide range of  other chemicals.

But caution must be exercised. Always apply BSN first, or mix water and BSN before adding chemicals. It is recommended that a simple jar test be carried out if you are unsure of product compatibility by mixing together and checking if a reaction occurs.

Do not mix with alkaline copper fungicides or inoculates.

You can also check at www.rlfchemtest.com

How Much to Apply to the Seed
Seed Type BSN SS, BSN-10, Interceptor XS
ml per 1kg of seed
ml Water + Chemicals
ml per 1kg of seed
Total Application
ml per 1kg of seed
Corn, Cotton, sunflower, 4 ml + 2 ml = 6 ml for 1kg seed
Zucchini, squash, melon, watermelon 4 ml + 5ml = 9ml for 1kg seed
Wheat, barley, triticale, oat 5-6 ml + 3-5 ml = 8-11 ml for 1kg seed
Rice (dry grain), safflower 5-6 ml + 3-5 = 8-11 ml for 1kg seed
Beet, cucumber, okra, coriander 6-7 ml + 8-9 ml = 14-16 ml for 1kg seed
Radish, turnip, kohlrabi, parsnip, pepper 7-8 ml + 8-9 ml = 15-17 ml for 1kg of seed
Onion, leek, chive, garlic, tomato, eggplant 8-9 ml + 9-10 ml = 17-19 ml for 1kg of seed
Canola, carrot, lettuce, dill, chicory 10-12 ml + 14 ml = 24-26 ml for 1kg of seed
Celery, non-fluffy grass pasture seeds 15-18 ml + 18-20 ml = 33-38 ml for 1kg of seed
Fluffy grass pasture seeds 30 ml + 33 ml = 63 ml for 1kg of seed
Seed Type BSN Ultra + BSN Hybrid
ml per 1kg of seed
Water & Pesticide
ml per 1kg of seed
Total Application
ml per 1kg of seed
Corn 4 ml + 2 ml = 6 ml for 1kg of seed
Rice (dry grain) 5-6 ml + 5-6 ml = 10-12 ml for 1kg of seed
Lucerne (Alfalfa) 10 ml + 2 ml = 12 ml for 1kg seed

Key Observation about BSN and Seeds

Important Instructions and Precautions
Do not add extra Trace Elements to BSN Seed Primer as this could inhibit seed germination or cause seed toxicity.
It is always best to use clean seeds for priming as dusty seeds can cause stickiness. Dust on the seed can also tie-up nutrients on the seed surface, reducing the effectiveness of BSN seed priming uptake, with less nutrient imbibed inside the seed.
For fungicide/pesticide compatibility check first at www.rlfchemtest.com or perform a simple jar test.
When mixing with a liquid fungicide add water to BSN Seed Primer first. (Always BSN +
Water + Fungicide)
Rhizobial inoculates should NOT be mixed with BSN Seed Primer.

When Priming Seed for Storage
It is best, whterever possible, to use fresh seeds for priming. Older seeds may have a lower germination rate when stored under sub-standard, or less than ideal conditions
Seed viability (i.e. longevity) is maintained best when it is stored in a cool dry place.
BSN Seed Primer can be applied to seeds any time between harvest and seeding. For the best result, prime seeds well
before sowing time and if possible preferably during the dry season following harvest.
Allow maximum ventilation to dry the primed seed-lot.
Seeds stored at high temperature or in moist conditions run the risk of a reduced rate of germination. If seeds (especially rain-affected seeds) are stored for many months then they must be tested for germination suitability before treating with BSN Seed Primer

.

Contamination of wild radish seeds can drastically reduce germination rates. It is therefore best to make sure the stored seeds and silos are free from this contamination.
Rain-affected seeds must pass the viability tests before being primed with BSN Seed Primer.
When seeds are primed with a mixture of BSN Seed Primer and other chemicals there is no guarantee that the germination rate would be satisfactory over long-term storage. Germination tests are recommended before sowing if this is the case.



When Primming Seed at Seeding Time
If seeds are primed at seeding time you may notice that the treated seed-lot volume increases by approximately 10%. (This is reversed quickly when seeds lose their extra (moisture). But when you drill treated seeds soon after treatment you may need to allow for increased seed volume if the volume increase is not yet fully reversed. It is always recommended that at least 24-hours is allowed between priming the seed with BSN Seed Primer and sowing.

Key Facts about BSN Seed Primer

BSN primed seeds absorb (imbibes) water faster. This is due to the active ingredients in BSN Seed Primer breaking down the barriers to water penetration in the seed coat.
The seed coat in cereal crops contain more than 50% of the total seed mineral nutrient reserves. BSN Seed Primer indices ion exchange in the seed coat releasing stored nutrients and facilitating utilisation by the seed embryo.
BSN speeds up imbibition since it is an osmo-primer (i.e. draws water into the seed). The osmo-priming effect of BSN is due to its highly concentrated ortho-phosphate and trace elements.
BSN Seed Primer is also a nutritional primer. It increases the level of essential elements in the grain from 2 to 10 times.
BSN Seed Primer increases the available phosphorous (inorganic phosphorous) of seed by up to 350% compare untreated seed. This is because some 70% of seed phosphorous is as phytic acid and is unavailable during early germination. The higher available phosphorous resulting from BSN Seed Primer is the most important factor ‘kick-starting’ the germination, by supplying energy for growth and setting higher yield potential.

Optimum pH for phytase activity is about 4. The low pH of BSN Seed Primer stimulates phytase activity and converts more phytic acid (unavailable phosphate reserve of the seed) to
available phosphate.

With BSN Seed Primer increased biological activity in the rhizosphere is experienced. This is due to more exudation of metabolites from the root system, resulting in higher temperature in the root zone.

The BSN increased rhizosphere activity and exudation of organic acids (i.e. ascitric acid) releases soil-based phosphate bound to calcium (in alkaline soils) or soil-based phosphate the is bound to aluminium, iron and manganese in acid soils.
The BSN increased rhizosphere activity, and faster root growth protects roots from disease, in contrast to disease susceptibility in a slow growing
root system.
Research shows that phosphorous and most trace elements are suboptimal and variable in seed-lots and have a greater impact on yield of late
sown crops.
The key facts and findings listed above support the visual responses seen in seedlings and their rhizosphere when treated with BSN Seed Primer. Such changes translate to increased yield at harvest. With late planting and lower temperature zones (usually well below the optimum range of 12°C to 25°C) the speedy germination and establishment allows the crop to intercept and utilise soil nutrients faster.

More information is available
at www.seedprimer.com.

www.ruralliquidfertilisers.com